Construction standards for building industrial factories
In this day and age, Vietnam is striving to become an industrialized and modernized nation. Thus, clusters of industrial zones also proliferate dramatically. However, in order to perfectly build a factory, it is indispensable to meet the construction standards prescribed by the legal basis. This will ensure safety when the factory goes into construction and operation. The specific construction standards are as follows:
According to the Decree TCVN 2737: 1995, the ground design standards are compulsory to comply with the general ground structure drawings to ensure the quality of the factory. Besides, requirements for machinery, technology, topography of the land, and pressure of the ground should be carefully considered.
Every type of ground has a different stiffness; thus, it is essential to have appropriate ground measures for each type. When designing the factory ground, we needs to understand the requirements of technology and the division of ground types as follows:
Simultaneously, the design of the concrete factory floor must be divided into small slabs with a maximum length of 0.7m. In the middle of the concrete slab, we need to insert bitumen to make it easier to open.
In addition, the minimum thickness of concrete lining is 0.1m and the width of the ground is from 0.3 to 0.8m. The masons should try to align for the flat ground, the slope should range from 1 to 2%.
A remarkable standard for industrial building construction is the design standard of the factory foundation. It is mandatory for the factory to utilize the underground engineering system to ensure that it is consistent with the principles of the ground and the natural characteristics of the ground.
In particular, the design is compulsory to follow the standard regulations in terms of the foundation’s height when compared to the ground surface. The differences are as follows:
The foundation separating slots under the brick wall, and stone wall all have a foundation depth of approximately 15cm. If the factory uses wall beams, they should be 3cm (0.03 m) lower than the floor.
There are many factors that greatly affect the factory foundation during operation. Therefore, the foundation needs to have a protective layer of good heat-resistant material, along with a layer of anti-corrosion of the foundation.
In the construction standards of industrial factories, the design of roofs and roof dormers is exceedingly critical. There are some criteria which are required as follows:
Every roofing material has different roof slope standards:
For factory construction standards with roof dorms, there is a deviation of 2 roofs of about 2.4m, which requires additional rain gutters and drains. If the roof deviation is less than 2.4m, there will be no need for rain gutters, but measures will be taken to strengthen the roof below.
The roof dormers will help the factory have more light and ventilation to make the atmosphere less stuffy. Specifically, the glass roof doors must be installed vertically to avoid causing damage to the glass surface. In addition, the dormer must not contain steam or dynamic heat generators because they do not maintain the durability of the door.
Construction standards for industrial factories depend on the scale, characteristics and needs of the investment owners (such as: load-bearing walls, frame walls, etc.). They are built with bricks, natural stone, and even reinforced concrete.
When using a brick wall, it is essential to have an additional layer of rain-proof and moisture-proof by plastering the outside cement mortar with a thickness of 75mm and 2cm when finishing. Besides, the partition wall should be erected to be disassembled and moved flexibly.
For windows and doors construction, there are some fundamental standards that should be followed as follows:
In addition to the industrial factory construction standards above, there are a number of other electrical and drawing standards. Especially the matter of feng shui will be an interesting problems for many investors. A land with a with perfect environmental and fenshui conditions will be an attractive place for investors.
The above article has given essential information about industrial factory construction standards. Hopefully this article from BMB Steel will help you. Follow us in the next posts for more information.